ANIMAL FEEDS SCHUNDLER

PIGS AND SWINES
PRODUCT GUIDE
The Schundler Company
150 Whitman Avenue
Edison, New Jersey 08817
732-287-2244 www.schundler.com



PERLITE AS USED IN ANIMAL FEEDS


By Bruce Schundler

WHAT IS PERLITE?

Perlite is not a trade name but a generic term for naturally occurring siliceous volcanic rock. The distinguishing feature which sets perlite apart from other volcanic glasses is that when heated to a suitable point in its softening range, it expands from four to twenty times its original volume.

This expansion process is due to the presence of two to six percent combined water in the crude perlite rock. When quickly heated to above 1600 F (870 C) the crude rock pops in a manner similar to popcorn as the combined water vaporizes and creates countless tiny bubbles in the softened glassy particles. It is these tiny glass-sealed bubbles which account for the amazing lightweight and other exceptional physical properties of expanded perlite.

Expanded perlite can be used to control and clean up liquid spills. The perlite may also be used to provide rapid deodorizing and dehydration of animal waste liquids. In these applications, the perlite may be used in granular form or compressed into pellets of the desired size and shape.

PERLITE AS A ANIMAL FEED/FERTILIZER CARRIER

Expanded perlite is recommended as a carrier for pesticides, feed concentrates, herbicides, and other similar applications.

As a carrier for feed concentrates, perlite will readily adsorb the concentrate while remaining free flowing (anti caking), and chemically resistant to microbiological degradation. The perlite also permits quick liquid movement between the carrier surface and the recipient of the feed concentrate.


APPROVALS:

Perlite has been approved in the past by organizations like the Association of American Feed Control Officials. It also has been approved to be used in the processing and filtration of both animal and human food, and is included in the Food Chemicals Codex 2nd Edition, Second Supplement. In the Food Chemicals Codex, perlite was approved for use as a filter aid or pressing aid in the processing of foods and feed ingredients, and also as an anti-caking agent.

PREVIOUS PATENTS:

In a U.S. patent in 1982 (4,310,552), entitled "Casting perlite Before the Swine", perlite was used in combination with swine, hog and pig fodder (usually made from digestible meal or grain components). The combined mix of 10-50% perlite allowed the perlite to be used to "store in its open-pore structure physiologically or medicinally effective substances such as medicaments, and trace elements essential to nutrition and vitamins." The objects of the patent were listed as: improvements in feed fodder, improvements in methods of feeding pigs, and improvements in the eventual disposal of pig excrement.

GERMAN RESEARCH AND USE:

In the early 1980's, Dr. P. Glodek of the University of Gottingen in Germany experimented on the use of perlite in hog feed. A comparison was made between hogs fattened with traditional feeds and those fattened with the same feeds combined with perlite.

According to his report, "the two perlite groups showed still significantly higher daily intakes of feed and weight gains than the ad libitum control group, which in turn clearly did better than the ration-fed control group." "It must be especially emphasized that the perlite fed pigs achieved a daily weight gain higher by 197g and a duration of fattening lower by 23 days with the same feed utilization as the ration-fed control animals...."

"It can therefore be concluded that in this experiment, the perlite feed made possible a faster fattening with the ad libitum feeding than is possible with conventional ad libitum feeding without significant disadvantages in feed utilization as compared to customary rationed feeding.."

USE OF PERITE IN ANIMALS FEEDS TODAY:

We don't know if perlite is being used in pig production in Germany today. We do know it is being used as a carrier, and that filtration grades of perlite have been fed to animals.

We include this information just to share all the many uses, past and present, of these amazing minerals.


TYPICAL PRODUCT DATA
Color White
G.E. Brightness %70-80
Refractive Index 1.47
Specific Gravity2.2-2.4
Apparent Density2.5-10.5 lb/ft3 or 40-170 KG/M3
Wet Density5-20 lb/ft3 or 80-320 kg/m3
pHneutral
Water Adsorption200-600 % by weight
Oil Adsorption50-100 grms oil/gms of perlite
Softening Point1800 F or 980 C
Moisture %lessthan 1.0 %
Ignition Loss (3 hr 1700 F)1.5% maximum
Particle Size (mesh range)20-200 U.S. Standard


If you need any more information or think we can help in any way, please call us or contact us at:


The Schundler Company

150 Whitman Avenue
Edison, New Jersey 08817
732-287-2244 or www.schundler.com


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